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    Instituting Riparian Rights and Foreshore Lease in the Philippines: An Ecobased Adaptation Strategy Paper

    by Romel Burnot 06/10/2019 01:25 PM BST

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          Description

          Climate change creates multiple negative impacts on Philippine fisheries and aquaculture. Warming conditions of the aquatic environment will result in physical and chemical changes. These external changes, particularly in temperature and oxygen availability, have major impacts both on the habitats that fish depend on and directly on cold-blooded aquatic creatures. Extreme weather events can also cause major damage to fisheries and aquaculture environments. Heavy winds, storms and hurricanes can disrupt the integrity of ecosystems, such as coral reefs and mangrove swamps and reduce the shelter they provide for the biodiversity that lives there. Storm surges, waves and strong winds can destroy aquaculture systems, such as cages and longlines and wash out fish stocks held in ponds.

          Fish continues to be one of the most-traded food commodities in the Philippines. Considering the heavy impacts of climate change, proper management of fisheries and adaptation measures to prevent the damage will be essential to allow people to continue to build resilient livelihoods in the fisheries sector

          Despite important direct and indirect benefits to humans, coastal resources in the Philippines are being severely degraded.

          The Philippines holds a bleak picture of its coastal resources, with much to do to reverse current trends. In order to sustain and eventually improve the benefits we all derive from coastal resources, significant commitments and investments must be made by coastal communities, local government units (LGUs), national government agencies (NGAs), and assisting organizations to change from the current self-destructive course to one of conservation and sustainable use of coastal resources.

          Key issues that need attention urgently are resource use conflicts, high population growth rate and poverty, illegal activities, pollution, food security, biodiversity conservation, policy and institutional gaps and conflicts. These key issues can be mitigated by collectively institutionalizing and/or strengthening Riparian Rights[1] and Public Foreshore Lease; DENR Administrative Order No. 2004-24 Revised Rules and Regulations Governing the Administration and Management of Foreshore Lands as possible take off point.

          [1] RIPARIAN RIGHTS are the legal rights of owners of land bordering on a river or other body of water. A "riparian owner" is a person who owns land that runs into a river. Riparian rights are not ownership rights but rights of access to the water such as for drinking water, bathing, or irrigation. A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream. Plant habitats and communities along the river margins and banks arecalled riparian vegetation.

           

          __________________                                                                                                    [1] RIPARIAN RIGHTS are the legal rights of owners of land bordering on a river or other body of water. A "riparian owner" is a person who owns land that runs into a river. Riparian rights are not ownership rights but rights of access to the water such as for drinking water, bathing, or irrigation. A riparian zone or riparian area is the interface between land and a river or stream. Plant habitats and communities along the river margins and banks arecalled riparian vegetation.

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          Alicia R. San Diego

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